What Is Synthetic Biology?


Depending on context, Syn Bio is promoted as an enabler of agriculture or as an alternative to it. Engineered microorganisms housed in industrial vats, which directly produce fuels, fragrances or flavors, for example, are seen as a "green" alternative that can make ever scarcer arable land available for food production. On the other hand, proponents suggest, Synthetic Biology could usher in an era of more efficient and productive agriculture- a way to do more with less. To date, the vast majority of Syn Bio circuitry has been produced in microorganisms such as bacteria. Now, despite the staggering complexity of plant genomes and protein networks, synthetic biologists are working to design "predictive and quantitative functions in plants, with traits that are new to evolution and beneficial to humanity"- including crops that can better withstand climate change . In July 2015, a consortium of scientists published a common standard for DNA parts in plants. The idea is that the standard will facilitate the sharing of parts between researchers and will set "a basis for the development of software and hardware that will support accelerated design and automated assembly"- the first step in developing "an extensive catalogue of standardised, characterised DNA parts to accelerate plant bioengineering.

Specifications


Title: What Is Synthetic Biology?
Authors: Bioeconomies Media Project
ETC Group
Tags: hazards technology
Synthetic Biology
climate change
genetic engineering
biotechnology
genetically modified organism
Date: 29-Oct-2014
Publisher: Bioeconomies Media Project & ETC Group
URI: http://library.ipamglobal.org/jspui/handle/ipamlibrary/444
Weblink: http://www.synbiowatch.org/2014/10/synthetic_biology_explained/
Category Type: Videos and Audios
Duration: 10 minutes 42 seconds
Production House: ETC Group
Producer: Bioeconomies Media Project
Appears in Sub-Collections:Biodiversity Based Ecological Agriculture







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